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Additive Manufacturing (AM) is “a process of joining materials to make objects from 3D model data, usually layer upon layer, as opposed of subtractive manufacturing and formative manufacturing methodologies”. 

-ISO/ASTM 52900:2016 (American Society for Testing
and Materials)

The basis of Additive Manufacuting

For every AM process the bases are common. From imported 3D model data, the additive processes are producing the
part by joining materials layer by layer. The machine can build the 3D model layer by layer which are manifestation of 3D model cross-sectional data. These models are typically Computer Aided Drawings (CAD) in the Standard Tessellation Language (STL) file format and are numerically sliced into many fictitious cross-sectional areas (layers). The additive manufacturing processes are different from the traditional processes and exactly those differences are leading to unique design opportunities and freedoms.

3D printing technologies were firstly implemented as a main tool for customization which became big driver in every-day life. That is how AM started to transform many products but also far more then every-day products. With the further development of  the 3D printing technologies they got implemented in many industries therefore resulted in transformation of businesses, production, supply chain etc. With the possibilities to implement 3D printed parts in space, to make bio-printed bones, muscles, but also jet parts, bus’s parts , heavy machinery and buildings, it is unavoidable to admit that the future of additive manufacture is bright.  

ISO/ASTM 52900:2015 standard categorized the 3D printing technologies into seven divisions based on the binding mechanism and feedstock morphology or delivery.

Classification of the 3D printing processes:

<b>Download here</b> - Full Table Overview

Download here - Full Table Overview


End-use parts, prototypes, tools

Vat polymerization

High precision parts, smooth surface parts, temporary molds, prototypes

Powder Bed Fusion

End-use high quality parts, functional, high strength

Material Jetting

Full color prototypes, scale models, figurines

Binder Jetting

Sand casts, functional parts

Sheet lamination

Prototypes, simple functional parts, architectural components

Direct Energy Deposition

Functional parts, component repair, large scale metal parts

Select the right technology and material for your part.

Do you want to 3D print your parts or launch your project, but you are not sure which 3D printing technology or material you should choose? We are happy to help you answer these questions.